Category Archive: Khujand


“Bakhoriston” sanatorium  in the city of Kairakum, by the river Sirdarya

Sanatorium “Bakhoriston” is located in a picturesque oasis on the shore of the Tajik sea next to the developed and historic city of Khujand. The health resort has a rich infrastructure, a modern medical and diagnostic base with a high level of service and its own well-equipped beach with a length of 1 km. The boarding house is specialized mainly for rest and also treatment of the bronchopulmonary system, cardio-neurological and urological diseases with a simultaneous reception of 850 people.

Guliston town

Guliston is one of the most dramatic and beautiful parts of Tajikistan. Absorb the breathtaking treasures of this region by water, air or hiking.

The city of Gulistan is located in the Sughd region of Tajikistan. Here is located Kairakkum reservoir. This city together with other settlements in 1985 was very badly affected by the earthquake. The presence of several recreational bases on the shore of the reservoir has made the city an excellent place to rest not only the local residents but the entire region. The city itself is small, but several shops, a shopping center, post offices, and schools operate in the center. There are a recreation park and a central market, which operates daily. Also on the territory of Guliston, there is a long highway that connects the city with Dushanbe. Not far from the center is the railway station, from where you can get to the capital of Tajikistan. There you can see several hotels and recreation centers offering places to stay.

Buston Town

Known for its friendly locals, the most beautiful picturesque, and fantastic eastern culture experience. The city of Buston is located in Sughd region of Tajikistan. There are more than 29 thousand people living there. Now there is a temple in honor of the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God and a Muslim mosque. On the territory of the city, there is a highway connecting Buston with Dushanbe. In the center, there is a recreation park with attractions for children. Not far from it there is a museum and dozens of shops. In the very center, there are several hotels that offer a comfortable stay for guests. The most important landmark of Buston are not monuments and museums, but nature, which everyone must see.


Rated as the second most liveable city in Tajikistan, Khujand is a place where distinguished city style and impressive landscapes go hand in hand.

Imagine an urban environment where everyone lives within half an hour of beautiful beaches, hiking trails and a dozen enchanting holiday islands. Add a sunny climate, a background rhythm of Eastern culture and a passion for outstanding food, juice, and shopping, or you want to see numerous attractive ancient monuments which have survived medieval citadels and mosques you’re beginning to get the picture of Khujand, Tajikistan our largest and most diverse city. The most known are the mosque and the mausoleum of Sheikh Muslekheddin (17th-18th centuries.).
Khujand Sights
Close to the city is located the well-known Kairakum man-made lake. Khujand is one of the centers of mountaineering. Climbers prefer Ak-Su area located in one of the most picturesque corners of the country Khujand. This massif is distinguished by the beauty of wild nature and very tall rocks. More than just a city, Khujand is a whole region full of things to see and do. Best of all, with so many experiences close by it’s easy to jump from one adventure to the next.
A natural view
Khujand’s diverse landscapes provide countless opportunities to get immersed in nature. In the west, lush native picturesque views plunge down the hills to meet the banks of the river, while the east’s sheltered different types of parks are fringed with colorful-flowering and evergreen trees. The only difference of the city is that most of the places are unspoiled and need to be taken a picture of.
Pigeons and Doves
Tajikistan’s Khujand region varies with the dove watch place, which provides spectacular panoramic views. Once get surrounded by pigeons and doves which feels really free the mind it’s like a must not leave the place. A great view of the mosque with its memorable pigeons and doves is a special day trip destination for visitors and bird watchers.
Shopping and dining in Khujand
Khujand is a shopaholic’s paradise, with everything from top-end designers to open-air street markets. Discover the diverse range of cafes and restaurants offering cuisine from around the globe and check out the buzzing nightlife of the central city. The differences of the foods are in their taste and price with the polite service. You taste absolutely a special taste every time you try a new food.
Something else
Khujand’s history dates back to ancient times. In the opinion of historians, the legendary city of Alexander-Eskhata (Alexandria Extreme) was constructed by Alexander the Great on the place of the present Khujand (the 5th century BC) and become the city of highly developed culture, important commercial, and crafts center. It in many respects speaks it can be explained by its favorable position. Khujand stands at the entrance to the fertile Fergana Valley. Owing to this it was one of the main centers of the Great Silk way and enjoyed prosperity and richness. One of the ancient cities of the Central Asia Khujand has been known since the 7th century. In the 19thcentury Khujand became the center of the district of rapid industrial development allowing itself to become the center of cultural life. The city has 20 large enterprises, universities, cultural establishments.
Come and experience it for yourself. A few days in Khujand, building in a tour or two is the perfect beginning to your Tajikistan vacation.

Khujand City Tour

Take a trip to Khujand – one of the oldest towns not only of Tajikistan but also entire Central Asia. Khujand city tour will consist of visiting bright and colorful oriental bazaar “Payshanba”, the biggest one in Tajikistan, museums, mosques, Hydro Power Station, etc. You will be charmed by their quiet streets, the variety of delicious fruits and hospitality of local people.

Your city tour in Khujand – one of the oldest cities of Tajikistan having to tell the history of Tajikistan and Central Asia, starts from the closest place to visit your hotel. You visit:
Tourists 5 10
Per person in USD 50 25
Included Guide


(speaks your language)
  Entry tickets Khujand Museum
  Transport One Minibus


National Chaikhana “Sayohat”

National Chaikhana “Sayohat”

Teahouse “Sayohat” is located near the tour hotel Panjakent built oriental style with the expression of the national designs

Muhammad Bashoro Mausoleum

The center of the building hosts a spacious domed hall with a number of vaulted rooms on its left and right. The main facade of the mausoleum faces a small mountain river where you can get using the only available road. A clay Mehrob with graceful ornamental and calligraphic inscriptions towers in the center of the hall.

Muhammad Bashoro Mausoleum (11th – 14th centuries) is located in a picturesque Mazori Sharif village among juniper groves is the Mausoleum of Muhammad Bashoro who was an expert in Hadises (the legends of deeds and pronouncements of Prophet Muhammad and his associates). Originally the building had no portal. It was added only in the 14th century. The portal was distinguished by a special beauty: it had graceful and noble proportions and was decorated with carved terracotta of unique beauty and complexity. The portal is bicolor – pink patterns of terracotta are placed within the double frame of glazed turquoise bricks – and has the exact date preserved among the inscriptions (743 years of Hijri which corresponds to the years of 1342-1343).
The center of the building hosts a spacious domed hall with a number of vaulted rooms on its left and right. The main facade of the mausoleum faces a small mountain river where you can get using the only available road. A clay Mehrob with graceful ornamental and calligraphic inscriptions towers in the center of the hall.
The presence of Mehrob (a niche in a mosque wall indicating the direction to Kaaba – the main relic of Islam) testifies that originally the building might not have been a mausoleum but a mosque. This is not the only mystery of Muhammad Bashoro Mausoleum: another one is whether the remains of this notorious religious figure are buried there.

Hazrati Bobo

Hazrati Bobo-Architectural Complex

Not far from Panjakent within the limits of Sogd area is located Hazrati-Bobo architectural complex (kishlak Chorku, Isfara). Hence there is another name of the complex – “Chorku Mausoleum”.

The complex consists of cult constructions and various structures. Although they were built in different times they have a single similarity: all of them are standing with their facadeк facing north. The main attraction of the complex is the mausoleum of a certain holy man whose name varies according to local residents: “Khast-i-Podsokh”, “Khast-i-Amir”, “Amir Hamza Sokhibkiron” (Sokhibkiron means “a Master of lucky combination of stars”). The local legend says that the mausoleum was erected in just one night to become the burial place of saint Hazrati-Bobo, the legendary hero, commander and king Amir Hamza Sohibkiron (Amir Hamza Hasti Podshokh).
The entire complex is considered a unique monument of medieval architecture and consists of two types of structures. The oldest building (the 10th -the12th centuries) is the wooden mausoleum (Mazar) with aivan (canopy) resting on the carved columns decorated with Kufi inscriptions and ornamental carving. There are seven carved wooden columns supporting this structure. They are of a unique form standing 2.5 m tall. Each column is made of a whole tree trunk and decorated with an ornament. The ornaments of all wooden details vary in character -they are vegetative, geometrical, zoomorphic figures and patterns. Besides, these wooden pillars are decorated with absolutely unknown kinds of animals which look like birds, snakes and fishes at the same time. Quite possibly this is due to the ancient Tajiks’ religious beliefs in reincarnation.
Mazar has two entrance doors: one is on the northern side with calligraphically written sayings from the Koran as well as the date of the repair works – 1321 of Hidzhra (1903-1904) above it. The door is fitted with a decorative lattice behind which the believers were to observe their rituals. The other door leading from southwest was intended for the sheikh. In the center of the room is the tomb of the “holy man”.
The second type of Hazrati-Bobo structures are of later dates. The room with a four-columned aivan (to the left of Mazar) is dated the 18th-19th centuries. The walls and the ceiling also are painted and decorated. This place, apparently, was intended for pilgrims who could spend a night there. It was also used for some rituals such as – khudoi (sacrifice). In the yard of the complex there is a wooden minaret in the form of a three-tier tower. The complex of the buildings is surrounded by a pise-walled fence. According to the oldest local residents the Mazar yard was used as a cemetery. But in the mid -20th century nearly all tombs were razed to the ground as some of the church-goers who visited the mosque frequently fell into the graveyard pits.

Ancient Settlement

In the suburb of modern Panjakent, the tourists can see the true picture from the past: the medieval citadel surrounded by dwelling buildings with wall paintings; near the ancient settlement center stands the necropolis.

The local residents call this place “Kainar” which is also the name of the nearby water spring. In 1946 archeological excavations were started there. As a result of a separately standing citadel with Divashtich (the last ruler of Panjakent) Palace, two temples with extensive yards, streets, shops, workshops, markets, fortifications, multi-room two- and even three-storey dwelling houses, the richest of which were decorated with wall paintings and wooden statues, were found.
But the most famous in the ancient settlement of Panjakent is the picturesque and colorful wall paintings which have survived in spite of their 1,300-year stay in ruins. The subjects of ancient Panjakent artists were different. There were cult ones showing heavenly bodies (the sun, the moon, other planets of the solar system), the reflection of ancestors’ cults, water element (river Zeravshan), Hinduist gods (Shiva).
The genre paintings display battle scenes, feasts, hunting, sports, playing musical instruments and backgammons, dances, distributions of harvest. Also found were the remains of carved wood and clay monumental sculpture in the ruins of temple buildings. The arts of ancient Penjikent, along with Byzantian, Indian and Persian borrowings, possessed their special original style.

Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum

 If you ask any local resident who is buried in Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum you will get the answer that this sacred place is the tomb of St. Hazrati Shoh – the brother of Kusam ibn Abbas, the cousin of Prophet Muhammad buried in the 11th century in Samarkand complex of Shakhi Zind. This is the way the legend is told in this place.

The mausoleum itself being one of the most ancient landmarks of Tajikistan is a part of the historical-architectural complex “Hazrati Shoh” located in the old part of Istaravshan. The complex consists of three cult structures: Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum, Khudoyor Valami Mausoleum and Hazrati Shoh Mosque (also known as Namozgokh) built in the 19th century. All three structures stand in a semicircle. Each of them was erected at different times and has its own history of creation and purpose. In the past, the city cemetery and the Madrassah were also a part of the complex.
Today Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum is a modest two-dome brick building with a tomb (gurkhan) and a chapel (ziyoratkhon) which has been repeatedly restored.
In front of the mausoleum, there is a spring the water in which is considered holy and medicinal. According to a legend the spring was formed after caliph Ali dropped his crosier into a high-mountain Lake Ojkul. The crosier emerged at the feet of Hazrati Shoh buried in Uro-Teppa right where the spring was born. It was from this spring that the history of the mausoleum started. According to the scientists the Muslims consider a spring as a source of life; this is why the burial place of the honored religious figure appeared there. Later the mausoleum was erected above his tomb.
The complex is dated the 18th century though historically it emerged much earlier – in the 10th – 11th centuries.