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(English) National Emblem of Tajikistan

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Tajikistan getting in and out

By air
The following airlines operate flights to/from Dushanbe (DYU)
AirBaltic (Riga)
Atlant-Soyuz Airlines (Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Samara)
Avia Traffic Company (Bishkek)
China Southern Airlines (Urumqi)
Kam Air (Kabul)
Kyrgyzstan Airlines (Bishkek)
Iran Aseman Airlines (Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Mashhad)
Rossiya (St Petersburg)
S7 Airlines (Chelyabinsk, Novosibirsk, Perm)
Scat Air (Almaty)
Somon Air (Almaty, Dubai, Frankfurt, Istanbul-Atatürk, Moscow-Domodedovo,Urumqi)
Tajik Air (Almaty, Bishkek, Garm, Istanbul, Khujand, Khorog, Kulyab, Kurgan Tyube, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Samara, Tehran, Yekaterinburg)
Tatarstan Airlines (Kazan)
Dushanbe International Airport (DYU) is located 4 km (2 miles) southeast of the city. Airport facilities include left luggage office, exchange office, duty-free shops, restaurants, bars and open 24 hours. There is bus line #8 and trolleybus line  #4 serve the airport as well as minibus shuttle service ##7, 8, 14, 16 to the city centre in daytime (travel time — 15 minutes). Taxis are readily available, travel time is 10-15 minutes.
By road
  Tajikistan borders with Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and China. All of the borders have at least several designated land border crossings. Land borders working hours vary from place to place, some works round the clock, the others are not. It is especially important to check working hours if you are travelling around national holidays or important events. Force majeure like mudslides, avalanches or floods on border crossings based in the mountains may also be a subject to close the border.
Please note visa service is not available at the land borders, which means your Tajikistan visa must be prearranged prior arrival. Please check visa section for details.
Travelling thru Central Asia you can choose to cross at one of the following official land border crossings:
Over Tajikistan/Uzbekistan border: Tajikistan registered vehicles are not allowed to enter Uzbekistan, and Uzbekistan registered vehicles entering Tajikistan are subject to tax. So if you hire a taxi or share a seat, it is likely that you will only be taken as far as the border. You will have to cross the border on foot, pass thru formalities and get another vehicle on the other side. Taxis are readily available on both sides. Also «porterage» service available on both sides of the border. Paying little fee you can get your luggage loaded onto the curt or wheelbarrow and delivered straight to another taxi’s trunk.


Until the mid of the first millennium B.C., the territory of modern Tajikistan in the areas of Amudarya and Sirdarya were settled by Eastern Iranian tribes. Bactria and Sogdiana were the most ancient states, lying along the banks of the upper and middle Amudarya. In the 6th – 4th century B.C. these states were part of the Akhamenids Empire established by Persians. The agricultural area of Sogdiana, that included Fergana and Zerafshan valleys and reaching in the west the area of Bukhara, played an important role in international trade, as it was on trade routes that linked China and Central Asia. The Akhamenid State collapsed in 330 B.C. under pressure from Greek-Macedonian forces. Bactrians, Sogdians and other people of Central Asia were conquered, in spite of their heroic resistance to the army of Alexander the Great. About 200 years later, the population of Bactria and Sogdiana together with massage nomad tribes overthrew the Greek-Macedonian sway. A state was established in Bactria – Tokharistan, which later together with Sogdiana became part of the big Kushan kingdom. The Silk Road crossed via Tokharistan and silk was bought at the markets near the river Tarima and was delivered to the countries of Greek-Roman Empires of the west. In the reverse direction from Rome and Byzantine to China, glass products (such as crystal and thin multi-coloured glassware) were imported, from Central Asia – items such as adornments, gems and from India – paper, woollen fabrics and spices. In the 5th century, Tokharistan, Sogdiana and other areas of Central Asia were under the rule of Ephtalits, and later in the 6th century – nomad Turkic speaking tribes occupied the same region. Sogdians had a great influence on the nomads, who while settling mixed with the local population. During the 6th and 7th centuries in Tokharistan and Sogdiana there were many slaves and at the same time, the formation of a feudal system had already started. As a result, the economy and culture developed quickly. Iron, copper, lazurite and rubies were extracted at mines, irrigation channels were constructed, and arid places were irrigated. The importance of feudal cities started to grow, as well as craft and trade were developing. The main languages were Bactrian and Sogdian – which are Eastern Iranian languages. Numerous independent principalities emerged with the development of feudal relationships. But they were weak and could not resist the Arabs, who in the 7th & 8th centuries invaded Central Asia.

The population of Sogdiana and Tokharistan tirelessly struggled for their liberation. Because of continuous revolts it became difficult for the Arabs to keep control of Central Asia with the help of their governor-generals; therefore they more often resorted to the help of the service of their feudal partners. Their participation prepared the ground for releasing Central Asia from Arab rule. Hence, at the end of the 9th century independent from the Bagdad caliphate (successor of Muhammed), the Tajik state of Samanid formed. In the period of its most extensive growth Samanid stretched from the deserts of Central Asia to the Gulf and from the borders of India to Bagdad. During the Samanids Empire Tajik people and culture became widespread and Tajik language became dominant. The Samanids state lived in peace for more than 100 years which fostered the growth of cities , craft, development of farming and trade and mining. This was truly the era of Renaissance that produced some of the world’s greatest humanitarians such as the founder of the Persian-Tajik poetry – Rudaki, creator of the immortal poem – ‘Shahname’ Firdawsi, and world renown scientist-Encyclopaedis Abu Ali ibn Sina (Avicenna). However internal conflicts and frequent raids of nomads undermined and weakened the Samanid state, which in 999 collapsed under the strike of the Turkic speaking tribes. The dynasties of Karakhanids (in the North) and Gaznavids (in the South) founded their power on the ruins of the Samanids state. In the beginning of the 13th century (1219-1221) Central Asia was invaded by Mongols, under the command of Chingizkhan. The country was completely devastated, cities destroyed, gardens and vineyards turned into pastures for horses of the invaders. Not long before his death Chingizkhan he divided the invaded lands between his sons. The main cultural areas of Central Asia went to ulus (independent principalities) of his second son Chagatai. People showed resistance. The biggest revolt broke out in 1238 in Bukhara, which was led by a craftsman Mahmud Tarabi. Another revolt in Samarkand was led by “sarbadars” – hanged men, who defeated the Mongol army in Bukhara, which brought to power a new ruler – Tamerlan. Timur’s ascent to power in 1370 temporarily put an end to feudal factions. Timur, as a result of his numerous campaigns to conquer Eastern countries and unheard cruelty and genocide especially towards the Persian speaking population, built an enormous empire with its capital in Samarkand. The majority of today’s Tajikistan was part of Timur’s empire. During the reign of his son and especially his grandson Ulugbek– prominent scientist, astronomer and loyal ruler – the widely abandoned oasis of Central Asia was restored with the flourishing of astronomy, math, history, literature and art. But the inter-dynasty struggle and raids of nomads undermined this empire too. The leader of Uzbek nomad tribes Muhammad Shaibani khan, who lived in Ural, using hostility between the descendents of Timur, invaded Central Asia in 1500-1507. During his rule the state consisted of independent principalities with the biggest ones being Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Balkh.

From 1557 to 1598 Central Asia was ruled by Shaibanid Abdulla Khan, founding Bukhara kingdom. In 1598 Abdulla Khan was killed and the power moved to the dynasty of Ashtarkhanids, being the rulers from a dynasty of Mongols. In this period downstream of Amudarya Khivin a principality was formed. Due to continuous wars and excessive taxes, the economy of this area declined. All the following enturies of this principality remained backwards and politically disconnected. What is known today in modern Tajikistan as Kulyab, Gissar, Karategin, Darvaz, Vakhan, and Shugnan principalities already existed. The majority of Tajiks of Central Asia lived in Bukhara and Kokand principalities, and minority in independent principalities. During the second half of the 14th century, areas of Central Asia were conquered by Russia and Turkestan and a general government was formed on its territory. The Northern areas of Tajikistan and the Pamirs were part of this new territory, and the central and Southern areas (called Eastern Bukhara) were left in the ownership of vassal of the Russian tsar – emir of Bukhara. At the end of the 14th century the tsarist government implemented agrarian reforms which meant that the settled population received irrigated lands, however, the majority of lands was withheld for the benefit of the government funds. Increases in taxes, numerous duties and illegality provoked in those areas of the emirate frequent disorders. Especially one of the biggest revolts was in 1888 in Baljuvanbekstvo, which was ruled by chum maker Vose. In 1900 peasants of Kelif bekstvo staged a rebellion, in 1901 – in Denau, in 1902 –in Kurgan Tube. All these outbursts of the peasant farmers were cruelly suppressed. World War I particularly intensified opposition and disintegration of society. In summer 1906 the biggest revolution broke out which was suppressed by the army of Emir. On 31 March 1917 the administrative centre of Russia influenced Central Asia and caused the Turkestan general government to be abolished. On October 6, 1920, the first all Bukhara national assembly was proclaimed and the Bukhara People Soviet Republic was established. Farmers were exempted from taxes, households that were affected by war were given loans, seeds and agricultural instruments. In 1924 a new state emerged in Central Asia: the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, which also included the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1929 the Tajik ASSR was reformed into independent Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. As a member of USSR, the Tajik Republic transformed into an agrarian-industrial country for a short period of time. Tajikistan became the main source of fine-fibre cotton for the USSR. A working class formed in the republic, as well as a national intelligentsia, and the first higher education institutions came into existence. It is also worth noting that Tajikistan’s contribution in the fight against fascism in World War II was of some importance. More than 190,000 envoys fought in battlefronts of the war and more than 60,000 worked at military plants of Siberia and other cities of Russia. Fifty-four envoys of the republic were awarded the highest military award as Heros of the Soviet Union. After the war ended the economy of Tajikistan grew to a new level. Production of row cotton continued to increase. Tajikistan as part of USSR took the first place on the productivity of cotton and third on gross yield. The industry was well developed due to the construction of some big hydro-power stations among one of which was Nurek, which is the biggest in Central Asia. In September 1991 with the break-up of the Soviet Union, a new state emerged on the world map – the independent Republic of Tajikistan. In 1992 critical political conflict on the ground of regional-clan conflicts burst out which led to civil war. Protracted negotiations between Tajiks under the aegis of UN starting in April 1994 concluded by signing the Treaty for Peace and Reconciliation in Tajikistan on June 27, 1997, by the President of Tajikistan E.Rahmon and A. Nuri, the leader of the United Tajik Opposition in Moscow. Today Tajikistan is an independent state which is recognized by 117 countries worldwide. The country is a full member of the UN and other world international organizations.



Tajikistan currency

Tajikistan’s national currency is Somoni (TJS), which is freely convertible to other currencies and back. Tajikistan’s economy is based on cash and therefore international banking services are limited, but ATM’s now appear in many of various locations. Local ATM’s offer both US Dollars and Tajik Somoni.  Brand new branch hotels and a few other establishments in the country accept credit cards but acceptance of traveller’s checks is limited.

Currency Exchange

US Dollars, Euros and Russian Rubles can be freely changed in banks and exchange offices. All bills are settled in TJS but other currencies like USD, Euro and Rubles also can be accepted but agree with the exchange rate in advance. The notes in the denomination of 1, 5, 10, 20 and notes older 1996 a subject for reduced exchange rate or even refuse.

Credit/Debit Cards and ATMs

Limited acceptance within Dushanbe and Khujand

Traveller’s Cheques

Not accepted.

Banking Hours

Mon-Fri 0800-1700.


Green House Hostel

Since its establishment in September 2014, The Green House has quickly become the best hostel in the beautiful city of Dushanbe. After only 2 years being open, we were awarded “Guest Review Award 2016” by and «Best Hostel in Tajikistan» by Hostelworld.

Green House Hostel is not only your place to stay overnight, it’s also your place to meet new friends! Because we believe a stranger is just a friend you don’t know, the hostel was conceived as a relaxed hangout for travellers from all over the world. There is a large common lounge area for guests to relax in, as well as a leafy garden with outdoor furniture at the property.

There is plenty of room types to choose from: 4 beds female dorm, 6 beds, 8 beds and 10 beds mixed dorms and also matrimonial rooms for couples. Each room is equipped with free Wi-Fi, air conditioning, and high-pressure hot showers. Our custom made bunks are specially designed to offer our travellers a comfortable night sleep with privacy. If you get inspired by the flavours of Dushanbe and feel like cooking simply step into our fully equipped kitchen and save the extra cash by eating in!


Green House Hostel

Since its establishment in September 2014, The Green House has quickly become the best hostel in the beautiful city of Dushanbe.  After only 2 years being open, we were awarded “Guest Review Award 2016” by and «Best Hostel in Tajikistan» by Hostelworld.

Green House Hostel is not only your place to stay overnight, it’s also your place to meet new friends! Because we believe a stranger is just a friend you don’t know, the hostel was conceived as a relaxed hangout for travelers from all over the world. There is a large common lounge area for guests to relax in, as well as a leafy garden with outdoor furniture at the property.
There is plenty of room types to choose from: 4 beds female dorm, 6 beds, 8 beds and 10 beds mixed dorms and also matrimonial rooms for couples. Each room is equipped with free Wi-Fi, air conditioning, and high-pressure hot showers. Our custom made bunks are specially designed to offer our travelers a comfortable night sleep with privacy. If you get inspired by the flavors of Dushanbe and feel like cooking simply step into our fully equipped kitchen and save the extra cash by eating in!

Yeti Hostel Dushanbe

Yeti Hostel Dushanbe provides rooms with free WiFi in Dushanbe, attractively located 1.7 km from Dushanbe Cable Car. Boasting a 24-hour front desk, this property also provides guests with a children’s playground. The accommodation offers airport transfers, while a bicycle rental service is also available.

The hostel features some units with garden views, and the rooms include a shared bathroom. A buffet breakfast can be enjoyed at the property. Cycling is among the activities that guests can enjoy near Yeti Hostel Dushanbe. For guests’ convenience, the accommodation has a business center with printing, copying, and fax services.
Important information
Room amount
Internet Services
Internet services, WiFi, Free WiFi
4th driveway N.Muhammad str. 16
Check in/out
Check-in from 14:00 until 00:00
Check-out from 11:00 until 12:00
Hotel’s languages
  • English
  • German
  • Russian
Accepted credit cards
American Express, Visa, Euro/Mastercard, Diners Club, Maestro

Hostel Latifa

Latifa Hostel is situated in Dushanbe. It boasts a convenient location within 3 km from the historic city center. Wi-Fi is available throughout the property. Parking is available nearby. The front desk works 24/7.

Important information
Please inform Hostel Latifa in advance of your expected arrival time. You can use the Special Requests box when booking, or contact the property directly with the contact details provided in your confirmation.
100 percent of the first night may be charged anytime after booking.
The property reserves the right to pre-authorise credit cards prior to arrival.
Room amount
Internet Services
WiFi is available in all areas and is free of charge.
Rahmon Nabiyev, 2. proezd, dom 23
If cancelled or modified up to 18:00 on the date of arrival, no fee will be charged. If cancelled or modified later or in case of no-show, 100 percent of the first night will be charged.
All children are welcome. One child under 6 years is charged USD 4 per night when using existing beds. All further older children or adults are charged USD 7 per night for extra beds. The maximum number of extra beds in a room is 4.
Free private parking is possible on site (reservation is not needed).
Pets are allowed on request. No extra charges.
Check in/out
Check-in from 12:00
Check-out until 11:30
Hotel’s languages
  • English
  • Russian
Accepted credit cards
No credit cards accepted, only cash

Lotus Hotel

The hotel is conveniently located near one of the central streets of Dushanbe. The architecture of the building, executed with elegant simplicity and tasteful looks good in the night illumination. The hotel has five floors and 32 comfortable rooms of categories «Standard», «Junior Suite», «Suite» and «Suite» (family rooms) that meet high modern requirements.

In each room: telephone, free high-speed Internet, computer with touch screen, plasma TV, satellite TV, safe, coffee maker and bathrooms with toiletries. The rooms are decorated in a classic business style, equipped with comfortable and stylish furniture and individual split-systems. Each hotel room has a mini-bar, which includes alcoholic and low alcohol drinks, confectionery in the range. Payment for the use of the mini-bar is made upon departure according to the price list. Rooms are cleaned daily. The room rate includes breakfast.
Standard room is the most budget room in the hotel, it is spacious and very comfortable — everything is there. Most rooms in this category have high windows with access to the balcony. Double rooms are rooms with two separate beds (lorry). In addition, in these rooms — a large balcony overlooking the outside of the hotel. Suite room — the area is slightly larger than the standard room, thus allowing you to conduct business meetings and negotiations in the room. A rich interior is combined with a royal bed, as well as a large working space. In addition, in these rooms — a large balcony overlooking the outside of the hotel.
Suite Room, this is a two-room suite with an improved layout with separate bedroom and living room well suited for holidaymakers with children. Each of these rooms differs from others in their unique interior and style. All furniture is made to order. In the room, there is a bedroom with a spacious king-size bed, a living room with upholstered furniture for reception of guests and a bathroom. The rooms are equipped with modern facilities including air conditioning, satellite TV, computer, landline telephone with access to the city, hairdryer, refrigerator, safe, coffee maker, a set of tea utensils.
The hotel has a conference room with a capacity of 60 people. In the state-of-the-art equipment and with the installed booths for simultaneous translation, the conference hall can hold any kind of events — presentations, international conferences, seminars, training. At the request of the customer, the hotel administration can provide individual laptops to each participant of the event. On the ground floor of the hotel there is a restaurant for 60 people, here you are always happy to fulfill any of your order — from Japanese, European and Russian cuisine, to Tajik and Indian cuisine. For lovers of active recreation and those who lead a healthy lifestyle, the hotel has a gym, where you can use the services of a coach.
The hotel has a swimming pool and sauna (dry and wet steam).
In the courtyard is broken garden where you can relax. Here is a large gazebo for 40 people, made in the style of a cave with a waterfall — on a summer evening it is the most favorite holiday destination. You do not have to go out of town in order to hear the noise of the waterfall, feel the gentle breeze and cozy country atmosphere. At your service: a 24-hour front desk, luggage storage, safe, laundry, dry cleaning, billiard room and lounge, bar, terrace, sunbathing terrace, game room, library, currency exchange, tour desk, free parking.
The hotel is 10 minutes drive from Dushanbe International Airport and 20 minutes walk from the city center — Dusti Square, where architectural landmarks of the capital of Tajikistan are located. Attractions in the area include the Dushanbe Cable Car and the S. Aini Opera and Ballet Theater, all just 0.9 km away.
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La’l Hotel Khorog

Welcome to «Lal» Hotel, GBAO, Khorog

Hotel «LAL» is one of special interest for visitors and tourists, because apart from the comfortable rooms and the warm hospitality of the special atmosphere for relaxation, the hotel is made in a unique ethnic style, where guests find themselves in the atmosphere of an unforgettable art of Pamir and ethnic characteristics of mountainous region.


736000, Tajikistan, GBAO
Khorog, Azizbek street 5/1
Tel.:(+992)35 222 3230
Mob: + (992-93) 500-69-96
Email: lalhotel@

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